Ohio Revised Code 4705.01 prevents the Juvenile Court's Clerks from giving legal advice or from helping you prepare legal papers in a new or pending case in this or any court.
What is a motion? (A motion is filed if you already have a case.)
A motion is a formal request made to a judge for an order or judgment. Motions are made in court all the time for many purposes: to continue (postpone) a hearing to a later date, to get a modification of an order, for a judgment, for dismissal of the opposing party's case, for a rehearing, or for dozens of other purposes. Motions require your signature along with your address, your telephone number and a certificate of service indicating parties have received a copy of the motion. However during a trial or a hearing, an oral motion may be permitted.
What is a complaint? (A complaint is filed if you DO NOT have a case.)
A complaint is the first document filed with the court (actually with the County Clerk or Clerk of the Court) by a person or entity claiming legal rights against another. The party filing the complaint is usually called the plaintiff and the party against whom the complaint is filed is called the defendant or defendants. Complaints are pleadings and must be drafted carefully (usually by an attorney) to properly state the factual as well as legal basis for the claim, although some states have approved complaint forms which can be filled in by an individual. A complaint also must follow statutory requirements as to form. For example, a complaint must be typed on a specific type of paper or on forms approved by the courts, name both the party making the claim and all defendants, and should state what damages or performance is demanded (the prayer). When the complaint is filed, the court clerk will issue a summons, which gives the name and file number of the lawsuit and the address of the attorney filing the complaint, and instructs the defendant that he/she/it has a specific time to file an answer or other response. A copy of the complaint and the summons must be served on a defendant before a response is required. Under a unique statute, New York allows a summons to be served without a complaint. A complaint filing must be accompanied by a filing fee payable to the court clerk, unless a waiver based on poverty is obtained.